A NEW ANCIENT HISTORY


NORTH SEA

   On Sept. 28, 2001, it was reported that archaeologists in Scotland
had discovered evidence of a massive tidal wave that swept across the 
North Sea c. 5800 BC.  This tidal wave, they say, killed thousands and
caused widespread destruction on the northern coasts of Europe.  This
event, they think, severed the British Isles from Europe.

   The North Sea event is the same date as the break-through of the 
Bosphous and the flooding of the Black Sea.  In our reconstruction of 
the dates of Genesis (see below), these two upheavals correspond to
time of the destruction of the Tower of Babel and the flight from Ur
of the Chaldees by Abraham's family.

   In the Babylonian King's Lists, this is 3600 years, or one Saros
cycle, after the Flood--a Nibiru 'orbital' cycle.  'Nibiru' means the
"prophet-planet" and is the ancient name for Mercury ("Nebo Ur") in
the Neo-Babylonian empire, called "Adad" in Assyria.  The Gilgamesh
Epic described how Adad assaulted the earth during the Deluge.  On a
3600-year cycle between close approaches to the earth, Nibiru/Adad/
Mercury would have made another disastrous encounter around 5900 BC.

   So the dates of the North Sea calamity and the Black Sea flood and 
the revised chronology for the Tower of Babel destruction all occur
at the same time the errant Nibiru/Mercury returned to threaten the
earth.  If these events all occurred at once, the implication is that
the earth suffered a planet-wide devastation from an extra-terrestial
source, namely the planet Mercury, in c. 5900 BC.

AMAZON DELUGE

   The January 13th, 2001, SCIENCE NEWS reported a new study of the
Amazon River in Brazil, showing that a huge flood of water poured out
of the Amazon basin into the Atlantic ocean precisely at the time of
Plato's sinking of Atlantis, the same date we have determined was the
Deluge of Noah in Genesis when the Sabbatical cycle is used (as will
be explained below).

   British scientist Mark A. Maslin and colleague Stephen J. Burns of 
the University of Berne in Switzerland presented their discoveries in
the journal SCIENCE [Dec 22, 2000].  Prior to the Amazon's gushing
c. 11,800-11,700 years ago [Plato's date: 11,600 BP; ours: 11,549 BP]
by their dating, it had discharged barely half the flow it now bears
out to the Atlantic for roughly a thousand years prior to its flooding.
Then, "for a century or so," there was a doubling of the flow, as they
found in a sediment core showing "a brief yet substantial spike" in
the data.  This "substantial spike" coincided with the sudden melting
of the Andean ice sheet, but it was far more than can be explained by 
the melting alone:  A sudden, short burst of increase rain occurred
at the same time, they concluded.

AFRICAN CLIMATE CYCLES MATCH REVISED GENESIS

   Lawrence H. Robbins of Michigan State University and his team have
documented fishing technology in use in Africa as early as 20,000 BP.
Climatic changes across the African continent show that wet conditions
prevailed from 22,500-to-19,200 BP, matching our "wet" estimate based
on the revised Genesis of 23,140-to-17,740 BP.  They then have a "dry"
period from 19,200-to-17,500 BP; we date this as 17,740-to-16,948 BP.
These numbers may not seem the same at first glance, but C-14 dates at
this distance into the past have a 1000-yr error range.  Charting the
whole data set reveals how similar the results really are:

_____________________________________________________________________________
1000yrs.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 
BP     23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9  8  7  6  5  4  3  2  1 NOW
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
U. MI: ..wwwwwwwfww....DwSwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww            w
Events:  wet    fishing  Shelter          IceMelts           ffff

GENESIS:
(7year EwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwD  wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwF          Bw  wD 
cycles)Eden            Drought            Flood     Babel Drought of Joseph
_____________________________________________________________________________

   As you can see from the above comparison, the differences are well
within the range of error for C-14 data and do not actually conflict
even without allowing for C-14 errors.

A "SCHOCHING" DISCOVERY

   Dr. Robert Schoch's new geological studies of Egyptian monuments 
are likely to revolutionize our understanding of ancient history.  His
team has found evidence of weathering upon "core structures" INSIDE the
ancient masonry of the Great Pyramid and of many other early Egyptian 
edifices.  What he has found proves that many of the structures we now
see in Egypt were constructed on top of other, more ancient structures
which had lain exposed to the elements for THOUSANDS OF YEARS prior to
their being covered up by the pyramids of the Old Kingdom.

   This implies a radical revision of the history of Egypt. It 
   means an advanced Egyptian culture--the one that originally 
   LOCATED these old structures, that aligned them with great 
   precision to "true north," and that positioned them around 
   hundreds of square miles of Egyptian desert to mirror the 
   astrological sign of Orion--had existed THOUSANDS OF YEARS
   BEFORE THE OLD KINGDOM, which Egyptologists date to 2500 BC.

   Ancient Sumerian civilation's earliest written tablets [which are
nothing but agricultural commodity tokens] date to 3300 BC.  The new 
findings by Schoch push the high culture of Egypt back to AT LEAST
5000-7000 BC--vastly older than Sumer.  This earlier Egytian culture
literally leaves the supposedly "ancient" civilization of Sumer in 
the dust...

   The true date of Egypt may be far older, Schoch says.  He indicates
that the civilation that laid out these grand monuments so precisely
would have alread had a long devleopment time before planning this huge
complex of pyramids.  Moreover, he feels his weathering estimates could
be underestimating the time involved.

   There is yet another reason for dating this early Egyptian culture 
older even than Schoch suspects.  Several scholars over the past fifty
years have argued that the date for the Egyptian Old Kingdom--from which
Schoch's dates are extended back in time--could be off by centuries, 
or even millennia. 

   We ourselves have suggested the date of the Old Kingdom may be too
"young" by 1500-2000 years.  In 1983, carbon-14 studies of the Great 
Pyramid of Giza showed it to be 200-1200 years older than its supposed
date of construction during the Old Kingdom.  That meant it might have
been built as early as 3750 BC.  But since Egyptologists reject tree-
ring dating (because it pushes their already faulty dates even further
out of alignment), the tree-ring adjusted date of the Great Pyramid may
be older than 4000 BC.

   Adjusting Dr. Schoch's recent weathering measurements from the base
structure inside the Pyramid--by adding at least another 1500 years to
its age--we obtain a total date range of 8500-6500 BC for the original
construction and LOCATING of the Great Pyramid.  So it was apparently
sited by the Egyptian civilization mentioned in Plato's discussion of
Atlantis, where Egypt is "re-founded" 1000 years after the sinking of
Atlantis in 9600 BC.  We now can tie Plato's history to solid rock in 
Egypt, with a major part of his story being confirmed: There truly was
an advanced Egyptian civilization founded around 8500 BC. Climatologist
Dr. Cesare Emiliani confirmed in 1973 that Plato's flood date was sound.
Emiliani discovered evidence in sea-core sediments for a sudden global
sea-level rise of c.325 feet around 9600 BC(+/-70yrs)--Plato's date for
the sinking of Atlantis.  Emiliani's data proves that, if Atlantis were
real, then it would indeed have been flooded by the ocean at the very
time Plato stated.  Plato either relied on genuine history or he made
an astonishingly lucky guess: Within a century of the exact date over
a period of nearly 10,000 years: 99% perfect.

   Not only do we now have the dating of Atlantis becoming more credible,
but so is our c. 4000 BC+ dating for the Old Kingdom.   In the summer 
of 1999, German climatologists confirmed that Egypt and the Middle East 
had endured a sudden great drought and famine in the 4500-4000 BC time
period. This date ties in perfectly with the new tree-ring calibrated 
carbon-14 date of the Great Pyramid and, accordingly, its Old Kingdom 
great famine in the days of the man who is credited with the Pyramid's
design, Imhotep.

   All this brings us to Manetho, whose chronology of Egypt(c.280 BC)
Egyptologists have claimed to use.  But Manetho says "70 kings ruled 
for 70 DAYS" after the Old Kingdom.  Egyptologists have ignored this
period in Manetho's history as if it never happened.  Their excuse for
ignoring these 70 kings is that Manetho only accords them "70 DAYS."

   But in the ancient world a "DAY" could be a person's life, and the
phrase "70 DAYS" could mean "70 GENERATIONS."  Therefore, it signifies
a potentially vast time in which "70 kings" ruled.  Using various ways
of calculating a typical king's rule, the period of these "70 kings"
might extend anywhere from 1000 to 3000 years.  Thus, Manetho's kings
list implies that the Old Kingdom flourished some 1000-3000 years or
so EARLIER than the 2500 BC epoch now assumed.  No wonder the carbon
dates don't fit!  And Dr. Schoch's findings push the preceding age in
Egypt back another 3000 years.


THE "LONG" CHRONOLOGY OF GENESIS

   None of this comes as a surprise to those of us who have argued for
the "Sabbatical Cycle" reading of Genesis.  Although many people have
assumed Genesis "years" are 360-day years, the Hebrew word rendered
"year" literally means "cycle of time" and is translated in the KJV as
"day" or "month" or "year" or "generation" or "age" or whatever cycle
might be implied.  In Genesis, one cycle mentioned repeatedly is the
7-year Sabbatical Cycle.  If we apply this to the Genesis chronology,
the Biblical version of events lines up perfectly with the expanse of 
ancient history uncovered by Schoch and the other scientists.

   Plato's date for Atlantis sinking and the geologic evidence for a
sudden rise in global sea-level match the Deluge of Noah perfectly.
The new evidence for the rise of ancient Egypt matches what Genesis
says about Egypt's founding after the Flood and what Plato said.  We
have Joseph's great famine matching perfectly with the one found by
German scientists in 1999.

   Even the pre-flood era lines up beautifully with carbon-14 dating
of the rise of modern man, the first use of agriculture, early art
and invention, and other details that match Genesis exactly.

   At a stroke the Bible and ancient history fall into alignment with
the evidence of science and archaeology.  We have been arguing for the
revision of ancient history for over two decades, especially as it is
related to the dating of Genesis. [The number of new confirmations of
our reconstruction is amazing, and we will have more to say on this in
the days and months to come.]


NEW EUROPEAN DNA EVIDENCE

   On November 10, 2000, the journal SCIENCE published a study by 13
scientists from Stanford University in California and Europe claiming
that y-chromosome DNA from 1,007 men living in 25 locales in Europe
"confirms" the idea that modern man entered Europe 40,000 years ago BP,
hunting and gathering, retreated before the glaciers 24,000 BP, revived
16,000 BP "after the ice-age," and were joined by an influx of "farmers"
from the Mideast about 8,000 BP.  Although the study may at first seem
impressive, it is largely nonsense.  DNA cannot tell anything about the
hunting or farming activities of either peoples or individuals.  It can
tell us about cattle or crops only if the DNA comes from cattle or crops
and not from human beings.

   The absurd attempt to identify 16,000 BP with the end of the last
ice-age cannot go unchallenged.  All the global and oceanic data show
that this was the COLDEST period of the ice-age, not a warm epoch.

   Moreover, the introduction of "Mideast DNA" is historically known to
have taken place between 1,000 and 3,500 years ago--a fact that is so
firmly established as to be beyond dispute.  The Phoenicians and Jewish
people--to say nothing of Arabic invasions--arrived in Europe during the
past 3,500 years in large numbers.  The study says one-fifth of the DNA
comes from the Mideast, which is in excellent agreement with the record
of history.  To ignore this well-documented influx as if it had never
occurred, while substituting an unknown and undocumented influx 8,000
years ago, is extremely suspect.  It is likely that the average of this
DNA is a bit older than 2,000 years.

   A more obvious explanation for the DNA results is that the "clock"
being used to "date" the DNA shifts is in error by a factor of roughly
four-fold.  Such "clocks" are based upon two unproven assumptions:

   1) That the rate of mutation remains the same.  This assumes there
      are no outside factors, such as exposure to radiation or toxins,
      that affect mutations of DNA.  This is certainly false.

   2) That the time between generations is constant and averages some
      fixed period, such as 20 or 30 years.  This assumes a cultural
      consistency that is most unlikely.  It also ignores the effects
      of gene deterioration in the semen of older men, which could have
      a significant impact upon mutation/generation rates.

   It is obvious that the "clock" being used can be off by substantial
amounts of time under various assumptions about mutation rates and the
number of years between generations.  For example, if one assumes that
mutations occur every 50 generations and that 20 years elapse between
each generation, then mutations occur every 1,000 years.  On the other
hand, if mutations occur every 25 generations and only 13 years elapse
between generations, then mutations occur every 325 years.  The second
"clock" is more than three times as fast as the first.  Hence, the date
of an event in the genetic history of the first clock will be assumed
to have occurred over three times farther back in time than if one were
to use the second genetic clock.

   So it would not be at all surprising if the "clock" used in this new
study were to prove too slow, yielding dates far too old.  But we are
not without a way to calibrate this clock.  As we have noted, the Jewish
and Phoenician immigrations into Europe are well-established and dated
by history.  Using this solid ground, we can identify the Mideast DNA
in the study with a c.2,200(+/-1200 yrs)BP influx of known size and
chronological range. If correct, then the dates in the study MIGHT be
uniformly "old" by a factor of about 100:27.

   Based upon this assumption, we can "recalibrate" the clock and the
dates as follows:
______________________________________________________________________
STANFORD DATES:  AS RECALIBRATED:  REVISED EVENT LIST:
______________________________________________________________________
40,000 BP        10,800 BP         End of last Ice Age (post-Deluge)
                                   "First major influx into Europe"
______________________________________________________________________
24,000 BP         6,480 BP         Great Famine of Joseph
                                   "Retreat into three warm enclaves"
______________________________________________________________________
16,000 BP         4,320 BP         Revival of European settlements
                                   "Resettlement of Europe"
______________________________________________________________________
 8,000 BP         2,160 BP         Average era of known Mideast influx
                                   "New DNA strain from Mideast"
______________________________________________________________________

   As we can easily see, this recalibrated timetable fits beautifully
into the known record of European settlement since the ice-age, while
the proposed Stanford "clock" creates major conflicts with the dating
of the ice-age and historical migrations.  The Stanford model fails to
explain the "absence" of Jewish, Arabic, and Phoenician (ie Roman) and
other known recent DNA contributions in European genes.  These modern
Mideast DNA contributions should be prominent in the Stanford data, or
certainly easy to detect, yet their model supposedly found no trace of
a recent influx.  It is as if the Jews had no diaspora and the Arabs had
never invaded Europe.  The Roman claim of Phoenician ancestry would be
false, and all those old European ports with Phoenician names must be
figments of everyone's imagination.

   Yet if we simply accept the obvious fact that the DNA evidence for
a Mideast influx into Europe matches the known history of Europe, we
have no problem dating this DNA to fairly "recent" times, that is, to
the period from the Exodus era down to the Arab invasions.

   Once that adjustment is made, all the other DNA dates quickly fall
into place.  The ice-age ends where it should.  The retreat from parts
of Europe matches the sudden climatic shift of Joseph's famine which
German scientists have now confirmed.  The resettlement of Europe also
ties in nicely with such events as the creation of Stonehenge.

   And all of these dates agree precisely with the long chronology of
Genesis.  The time is approaching when we shall be able to reconstruct
a reasonably detailed history of the past 25,000 years.  We are seeing
a major transformation of our understanding of the so-called stone age
and its absurd "cave-man" imagery.  We now know these people wore real
clothing, built houses and towns, engaged in agriculture, made vessels
to sail the sea in, played music, painted, and probably had language.

   They were, after all, our parents...
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
               PRELIMINARY CHART OF THE NEW CHRONOLOGY
                (Copyright 2000, by Hage Productions)
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
Date        Event                    Citation        Scientific Status
______________________________________________________________________
24,000 BP   Pre-Adamic Flooding (Gen 1:2,6-7,9-10)     CONFIRMED*1 
            ADAM'S ANCESTORS AT PETRA (Gen 2:15,24;3:23) 
______________________________________________________________________
23,000 BP   Adam & Eve appear        (Gen 2-3)         CONFIRMED*2
            AGE OF ADAM & SETH
______________________________________________________________________
18,000 BP   Famine of Cain  (Gen 4, Jasher 2:7, EL*3)  CONFIRMED*3
            AGE OF CAIN & THE FALLEN ONES
______________________________________________________________________
12,000 BP   Giants Rule          (Gen 6, Josephus)     CONFIRMED*4
______________________________________________________________________
11,600 BP   Deluge/Atlantis Sinks (Gen 6-8, Plato*5)   CONFIRMED*5
            THE GREAT FLOOD
______________________________________________________________________
10,550 BP   Egypt Re-founded       (Gen 10, Plato*6)   CONFIRMED*6
            AGE OF NOAH
______________________________________________________________________
 8,000 BP   Tower of Babel, Sodom    (Gen 11-19)       CONFIRMED*7
(6,000 BC)  AGE OF DIVISION OF THE EARTH
______________________________________________________________________
 6,500 BP   Israelites into Egypt     (Gen 41-47)      CONFIRMED*8
            FAMINE OF JOSEPH/IMHOTEP
______________________________________________________________________
 6,300 BP   Joseph's Tomb              (Gen 50)        CONFIRMED*9
            SUMER/EGYPTIAN 1ST INTERMEDIATE PERIOD [70 KINGS]
______________________________________________________________________
 3,500 BP   Exodus                      (Ex 12)        CONFIRMED*10
            MOSES & JOSHUA: END OF MIDDLE KINGDOM
            (Beginning of great Mideast dispersions)
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
1*Milankovitch Cycles of planetary orbital changes and earth tilt show
  a climatic change c.24,000 BP (Before Present).

2*Mitochondrial DNA divergence studies show that if two people began
  the human race, their DNA began to be passed down c.23,000 BP.

3*Earliest Egyptian grains C-14 dated to c.18,000 BP, in the Fayyum,
  the very time and place cited in Egyptian literature as when Osiris
  came to Egypt and taught them to plant grain for the first time at
  at time when the Egyptians had descended into cannibalism due to a
  severed famine.  Data from U. Mich. (see above story) confirms that
  Africa was in a drought cycle at this time.

4*Skeletons of humans all over the world average a full 10" taller in
  the pre-9600 BC period than in the post-8500 BC era.  Some individual
  skeletons are even larger.  Josephus and ancient pagan authors agreed
  with Genesis 6 that giants or "Titans" had ruled before the Flood.

5*The revised Biblical Flood date (based upon using Sabbatical cycles
  of 7 years each) matches perfectly with Plato's "TIMAEUS" dialogue,
  in which the Flood came "9000 years" before Solon (c.600 BC).  Data
  from Amazon study, Emiliani, and ice-cores match flood to 11,700 BP.

6*New DNA studies place a sudden influx of modern man into Europe at
  40,000 years BP, but we believe this date will eventually be seen to
  be four times too old, and will confirm the c.10,000 BP post-flood
  descriptions of Plato & the Bible & archaeological signs of farming.

7*Bob Ballard & National Geographic have found evidence of massive rise
  in level of Black Sea about this time, implying geological upheavals.
  5500 BC known to be sudden increase in rainfall in Turkey and Africa.
  Sept 28, 2001: Scottish archaeologists document vast tidal wave hit
  Scotland and northern Europe; Britian becomes an island; c. 5800 BC.

8*New DNA studies say that mankind suddenly retreated into 3 areas of
  Europe at this time [as adjusted, see above], signifying huge climate
  changes.  German scientists find vast drought swept Mideast 6,000 BP.
  Thera volcano in massive eruption at this date. Arctic Ocean ice-free.

9*Studies of Old Kingdom at Sakarra show proof of 7-year famine and the
  prior knowledge of Imhotep(Joseph), massive grain storage.  Text at
  Elephantine in Ptolemaic times claims same thing.

10*Velikovsky produced extensive documentation of plagues of Exodus in
  several books.  Confirmation of unstable orbits of Mars and Mercury
  published in July, 1994. Further confirmation in 1999. Mars water data
  {2001-2002) prove it must have been in different orbit fairly recently.



REVISIT THE WORLD:

NEWS & UPDATES
Back to news page.
MEGALITHS & BLOOD
What the Nephilim do for food & entertainment
WHERE WAS THE GARDEN OF EDEN?
Where it all began.
JAWS OF DEATH
Cain: The Early Years (with link to Egypt)
WHO WAS THAT MASKED WOMAN?
Lilith